Signs and symptoms of a stroke:
Because strokes injure the brain, you may not realize that you are having a stroke. To a bystander,
someone having a stroke may just look unaware or confused. Stroke victims have the best chance if someone around them recognizes the symptoms and acts quickly.
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body)
- Sudden confusion
- Sudden trouble speaking or understanding speech
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking
- Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden sever headache with no known cause
If you believe someone is having a stroke, call 911 immediately!
What can I do to prevent a stroke?
- Don't smoke
- Improve your eating habits
- Be physically active
- Take your medicine as directed
- Get your blood pressure checked and control it if it is high
- If you have a heart disease, diabetes, or high cholesterol, keep them under control
- Reach and maintain a healthy weight
- Decrease your stress level
- Seek emotional support when it is needed
- Have regular medical checkups
Heart healthy tips:
Always remember to consult your physician before starting a new exercise plan!
How do I stop smoking?
- Make a decision to quit and commit to it
- Go to smoke-free facilities
- Avoid staying around people who smoke
- Keep busy doing things that make it hard to smoke, like working in the yard
- Remind yourself that smoking causes many diseases and is deadly
- Ask your family and friends to support you
- Ask your healthcare provider for information and programs that may help
How do I change my eating habits?
- Avoid foods like egg yolks, fatty meats, butter, and cream, which are high in fat and cholesterol
- Eat moderate amounts of food and cut down on saturated fat, sugar, and salt
- Bake, boil, roast, and broil foods (don't fry)
- Avoid most "fast food"
- Read nutrition labels on packaged meals
- Limit alcohol to one drink a day
- Eat more fruits, vegetables, cereals, dried peas and beans, pasta, fish, poultry, and lean meats
How can I be physically active?
- Start slowly and build up to at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a session, 5 or more days a week
- Try new types of physical activity for home activities like dancing, weight training, warm-water exercise, or tai chi
- Look for even small chances to be more active. Take the stairs instead of an elevator and park further from your destination
For more information, visit the American Heart Association.
The information provided is meant to be viewed in non-emergency situations. If you are experiencing an emergency, call 911 immediately.